World Mental Health Day has been celebrated around the world since 1992 on the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health to raise public awareness about mental health problems and how to strengthen it and prevent and treat mental disorders. To this Day, which is celebrated annually on October 10, thematic journals of international psychiatric organizations are published, and appeals are sent to government structures and health authorities calling for participation in the international movement.
The most common mental illness is depression. According to WHO forecasts, by 2020 it will take the first place among the diseases according to the duration of disability in a year. Currently, 26% of women and 12% of men suffer from depression. In Western countries, every seventh person is either paranoid / schizophrenic, or prone to depression and alcoholism, which often ends in the commission of crimes or suicides. Moreover, most people suffering from mental disorders do not have access to the treatment they need. In addition, mental disorders are risk factors for the development of other diseases (HIV, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, etc.), as well as causing unintentional and deliberate injuries.
Therefore, one of the main tasks of World Mental Health Day is to reduce the prevalence of depressive disorders, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, drug addiction, epilepsy, and mental retardation.